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Nawal, aged 15, holding the torch that he wears strapped around his head as he works an estimated 70m underground at a 'galamsey' mine where he is a 'loco boy' ('locomotive boy') moving ore between underground tunnels and the surface. He says he earns between GHS 20 and GHS 200 (GBP 3.50 and GBP 35.00) per day, depending on the work. Poverty and the lure of quick money draw many children into the 'galamsey' mines. The word 'Galamsey' is said to be a corruption of 'gather and sell'. Sometimes called artisanal mining, 'galamsey' is exceedingly dangerous as miners work at tremendous depths in crudely reinforced shafts with no safety equipment and, unlike licensed mines, 'galamsey' mines are typically completely unregulated. Fatalities arising from shaft collapses are common, and the environmental toll is high, both from physical damage to the landscape and from pollution arising from the use of chemicals such as mercury. Once a truly small-scale endeavour, 'galamsey' mining is becoming increasingly mechanised supported with funding from investors who often remain in the background. The environmental damage being wrought is growing accordingly.