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A member of the Mara Salvatrucha (MS13) shows off his tattoos. The Mara Salvatrucha gang, MS13, originated in the 1970s within the Salvadorian immigrant community of Los Angeles. With a systematic policy of deportations engaged by the United States, the gang problem has been exported back to Central America causing an explosive rise in vicious gang-related crime. Today, cities like San Salvador experience some of the highest rates of murder in the world.