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A large group of newly arrived men, mostly from Somalia, wait to be processed at Kharaz refugee camp. The camp holds roughly 15,000 people and is sited deep in the desert 136 kilometres from Aden. The United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) has raised concerns over the record numbers of Ethiopians and Somalis flocking to Yemen, despite the deteriorating security situation there. In 2011 103,000 migrants crossed the Gulf of Aden and Red Sea. Most arrive dehydrated and malnourished and face physical and sexual attacks. They are regularly robbed and attacked by smugglers and traffickers.