A yellow bus drives through a grey, brown and black landscape with industrial infrastructure and smokestacks in the Greater Norilsk area.
Greater Norilsk consists of three settlements: Norilsk, Talnakh and Kayerkan, all within a radius of 30 kms and connected by roads. According to a 2010 census, the population of the connurbation was just over 175,300, with 105,800 in Norilsk, 47,175 in Talnakh, 22,334 in Kayerkan and 888 in Snezhnogorsk.
The city of Norilsk, in the far north of Russia's Krasnoyarsk region, was founded in the 1920s and today has a population of just over 175,000. In its early years it served as the centre of Norillag (or the Norilsk Corrective Labour Camp) but was given town status in 1953 as the Gulag system was slowly winding down. Today the city is largely dependent on MMC Norilsk Nickel, the world's leading producer of Nickel and palladium and Norilsk's main employer. In 2001, the city was closed to all non-Russians, except for citizens of Belarus.