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Armenian rebels huddle together in the Karabakh mountains. The Nagorno-Karabakh war took place between February 1988 and May 1994 in the Karabakh mountains separating Armenia and Azerbaijan. By the end of 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Nagorno-Karabakh war had become an increasingly violent and brutal conflict. Both Azerbaijan and Armenia made claims of ethnic cleansing during the war and, in terms of lives and property, the war was the most destructive ethnic conflict to follow the break-up of the Soviet Union....